Skin blemish treatment

by Dr. Cárdenas

Treatments for spots on the face will help you look younger and more radiant. Dr. Cardenas offers several therapeutic methods that can help you: photon laser, fractionated CO2 laser, calibrated pulsed light and depigmentation creams.
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What is it?

The Fotona Spectro SP laser system is an ideal tool for treating a wide variety of pigmented skin lesions, ranging from nevi (moles) and vascular lesions to ephelides, sunspots and melasma.

Fractional CO2 laser is a facial rejuvenation technique that is highly effective and safe in the treatment of blemishes, wrinkles, scars, stretch marks and other skin abnormalities.

Calibrated pulsed light destroys only pigmented skin cells without damaging neighboring tissues, in a process known as selective photothermolysis.

Depigmenting creams eliminate skin blemishes by destroying and blocking the formation of melanin in the tissues and their use should be combined with sunscreens.


Treatments for facial blemishes have a number of benefits:

  • They are all treatments that provide great safety and efficacy to eliminate skin blemishes definitively and without risk.
  • Some, such as the photon laser or fractional CO2 laser have additional benefits for the skin, such as the elimination of wrinkles and flaccidity.
  • Keeping your face free of blemishes and wrinkles will make you look younger and more radiant.

How and for what?

Each of the techniques used for stain removal has different ways of working, as well as different results.

  • The photon laser uses infrared waves to reach the deeper layers of the skin and destroy the pigments that cause unwanted blemishes. It only destroys pigments, not healthy cells. It can treat a wide variety of pigmented skin lesions and helps eliminate wrinkles and sagging skin.
  • The fractional CO2 laser works at a wavelength below the infrared spectrum. It is assimilated by the water in the tissues and vaporizes the injured cells. It also stimulates the production of collagen and elastin. It is a less ablative treatment that requires between 3 or 4 procedures with intervals of 3 to 4 weeks.
  • With calibrated pulsed light, it transmits pulses of infrared light with a duration of less than 5 nanoseconds, which ensures that the affected area rapidly increases in temperature and does not transfer this energy to the surrounding tissue. Therefore, it only affects pigmented cells. It allows the removal of pigmented, epidermal and dermal lesions, as well as tattoos. Sessions usually last one hour and require a minimum of 3 to 4 applications (one per month), the number of sessions depends on the case.
  • The most effective spot removal creams are those based on hydroquinone, corticoids, retinoids, kojic acid and cosmetic products such as hydroxyphenoxypropionic acid, ellagic acid and tranexamic acid. Some aesthetic treatments to eliminate blemishes can be a good complement. They also tend to achieve very good results in the elimination of solar lentigines, melasma and post-inflammation spots that appear after acne, burns or eczema.


The results using laser stain removal, calibrated pulsed light or blemish removal cream in Costa Rica are permanent. As the combination of treatments is designed in a personalized way, each person will have a result suited to their needs. In addition to being effective, we guarantee that our work, performed with the latest technology, is safe.

Post Treatment

Post-treatment care for skin blemishes

After having completed the treatments for skin blemishes, it is important to maintain certain skin cares. The indications are very simple, but you must always do what the treating physician indicates.

It is important not to expose yourself to the sun for a period of time. Sunscreen should be used if the treatment has been performed on unprotected areas such as the face. Normally, this care should be taken during the first 6 to 8 weeks after the therapy to avoid the appearance of new spots on the sensitive skin that is in the process of recovery.

Have a very good skin hygiene in the treated area. Use lukewarm and cold water, neutral soap or soap for sensitive skin and moisturize the skin with mild, fragrance-free products.

If you notice any problems such as stinging, itching, redness or blisters shortly after treatment, return to the doctor immediately.

It is usual to have a follow-up visit after 2 or 3 days, but this will depend on the specialist.

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